How to Tighten a Bike Chain – Top DIY Hacks You Must Follow

how to tighten a bike chain

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Last Updated on November 23, 2020 by Michael J. Branco

If you are using your bike on a regular basis you will face a common issue which is loose or detached chain every once in a while. It doesn’t mean that there’s anything wrong with the bike. With the proper tools, it is possible to quickly fix the problem. In this article, I will help you learn how to tighten a bike chain.

A chain is really a crucial element and an important part of a bike. Once you pedal, it exchanges capacity to the wheels and allows you to move forward. If it is losing the pace of power transport drops, and you also are unable to drive the bicycle ahead. You must have the best bike in your garage but you don’t know how you can tight a bike chain. So it’s vital for one to learn how to tighten a bike chain.

A bike chain can drop down any time while you are driving, but in many cases, it only gets to be loose. If it is not too lose it is possible to keep bicycling until your destination spot and then tighten up it.

A slackened string will reduce your ability to shift energy towards the pedals of one’s mountain bikes. Your shoes can simply get caught in a much-loosened chain during hairpin changes, resulting in unbearable slide outs in the path. Each and every multi-gear mountain bikes include a high-tech aspect known as the trunk derailleur.

According to bike specialist Sheldon Dark brown, the trunk derailleur includes a stress pulley that retains the chain small while it goes between the different cogs of the rear cassette. You will be able to even move your rear wheel to regulate chain tension. When you take apart a bike chain you must place it in the right place and tighten it.

This article will take you by way of a step-by-step on how to tighten a bike chain as well as other important information about how to tighten multi-gear bike, how to take care of your bike chain, and other necessary stuff for biking. I will answer some FAQs about bike stores and how exactly to tighten them.

What is a Bike Chain?

The goal of a bike chain is to shift power through the pedals towards the drive wheel. Without a bike chain, it really is impossible to journey a bike. You will be using all of the force on the world to go the pedals; however, the bike wouldn’t normally go anywhere if the chain is shattered or too loose.

Bike chains are usually prepared using carbon or alloy metallic. Many top-quality bikes include nickel-plated bike stores because those will be less inclined to develop rust as time passes.

They also appear nicer, which allows bike makers to give a good reason for an increased price tag or their bikes. But for features, most bike stores function just as.

For a cyclist who would like speed but additionally values safety, after that learn mountain biking is definitely an ideal alternative. It combines the energy of a mountain bike and a straightforward road bike.

how to tighten a bike chain with a derailleur

Tools You Will Need to Tighten your Bike Chain

Fixing and tightening a bike chain isn’t challenging, nonetheless, it will require persistence and concentration. Getting the right tools is only going to make the job easier, and you ought to, therefore, make sure you get all the required tools before focusing on your chain.

The basic equipment that you’ll require for the whole process including;

A Socket Wrench

Yuauy Three Way Triangle Allen Wrench Outer Spanner...
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  • Recommended Use: home bicycle maintenance and outdoor cycling use
  • Portable size and perfect to bring wherever you go
  • Package includes: 1 x 2mm L-Wrench + 1 x 2.5mm L-Wrench + 1 x 3mm L-Wrench + 1 xY-Type (3-way) Hex Wrench + 1 x Y-Type (3-way) Socket Wrench


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Finish Line 1-Step Bicycle Chain Cleaner & Lubricant...
  • One 4-ounce squeeze bottler of 1-Step wet-style cleaner an lubricant
  • Fast and easy--penetrates and flushes old lube and contaminants out and lubricates with each new application
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  • Provides maximum rust protection--perfect lube for occasional cyclists and bikes often put into storage
  • Engineered for commuters and recreational cyclists who seek a quick one-step “clean and lube’ formulation

A Bike Stand

CXWXC Bike Repair Stand -Shop Home Bicycle Mechanic...
  • 360 DEGREE ROTATABLE CLAMP & HEIGHT ADJUSTABLE BODY- Clamp with lever can hold your bike super steady, adjustable height make sure your waist comfortable during work
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  • TOOL TRAY WITH MAGNET- Big tray has customized place for different tools, more space-efficient, also magnet can collect crews and nuts without missing
  • FRONT WHEEL NO SHAKE- Tighten rod included in the package won’t let the front wheel swivel when you are working, the tighten rod is also length adjustable
  • SUPER STEADY TRIANGLE BASE WITH RUBBER FEET- Holds bikes steady, rubber feet antiskid and won’t scratch floor

A Pair of Gloves

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  • Foam Nitrile coating: latex-free coating provides additional protection while resisting punctures and abrasions
  • Skeleton themed pattern gloves that appeal to the extreme automotive / biker | Can be used as mechanics gloves, everyday work gloves, carpenters gloves, biking gloves, driving gloves, workout gloves, wheelchair gloves etc.

An Outlet Wrench Adapter

Leviton 1403 Two Outlet Socket Adapter, Black
  • Perfect for workshops and garages
  • Two outlet socket adapter
  • 660 Watt
  • 125 Volt

Before we reach the basics, be familiar with the bike chains are first and foremost labeled into two; bike chains for your single-gear bike and the ones of the multiple-gear motorcycle. We shall take a look at each type independently. If you don’t have the bike repair tool kit get one right now to fix your bicycle on your own.

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how to tighten a bike chain

How to tighten a bike chain Single speed gear Bike step by step methods

Step-1: First put your bike on the bike repair stand. So that you can check the drive chain properly. If you can find any bent or cracked pieces, fix or change these prior to deciding to reattach the slipped string. Be sure to look at not only the string itself however the derailleurs and cassette (which will be the gears). That is especially vital that you do following a crash to make certain that there is absolutely no break.

Park Tool PCS-10.2 Home Mechanic Bicycle Repair Stand
  • Cam-actuated micro-adjustable clamp allows quick entry and exit and fits 1" to 3" (25mm–76mm) diameter tubes and seat posts of any shape and material
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  • After mending the bike string, this is a good idea to check the cassette, derailleur’s, and limitation screws to discover if they’re correctly adjusted or even to check should they need replacement.
how to tighten a bike chain with a derailleur

Step-2: Switch the bike upside down or hang up it from the bike stand. This can make restoration the chain better and stop the bicycle from rolling all around while you work. Turn over the bike such that it rests on the seats and handlebars, placing it down delicately to avoid scratching or scuffing.

  • Bike stands contain the bicycle right-side-up in the atmosphere and are ideal for repairs. Nevertheless, because most chains slip on the trail, you’ll likely don’t have one? Instead, you might set leading off the couch over a big horizontal pole. Keep carefully the cycle about 4 ft (1.2 m) off the bottom or at the very least high more than enough that the trunk wheel isn’t touching the bottom.
how to tighten a bike chain without tools

Step-3:  Note what gear the bike is within. Derailleurs will be the small machines on your own front and back again gears that actually move the string from equipment to gear. Take note where it really is at present relaxing by seeking down the derailleur it’ll be prearranged with the gear. You intend to put the string back with this gear.

  • The front derailleur, right close to the pedals, appears like a little steel bracket that hovers on the gear the string ought to be on.
  • The back derailleur, determined by the back wheel, appears like a small mechanized arm. This arm slides backward and forwards within the cassette (assortment of gears) to go the chain. It’ll be under the best-suited gear.
  • Various bikes will let you know the gear variety within the handlebars; nevertheless, you need to find out how to go through them to create sense than it:
  • The left side adjusts your front side gears: One may be the equipment closest to the cycle, or smallest items.
  • The right hands adjust the trunk gears: One may be the products closest to your bicycle, which is the largest gear.
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Step-4: Press on the rear derailleur arm in the direction of the handlebars to get slack over the chain. This is actually the little metallic arm close to the cog under the derailleur. There’s typically just a little metal square perfect close to the cog that enables you to press on the derailleur without having too greasy. It will fold lightly in the direction of leading of the bicycle so the string hangs with plenty of slack

how to tighten bike chain single speed

Step-5: Make use of your other hand to slip the chain back again on the proper gear. Grab the string with 2-3 fingers and wrap it at the top appropriate gear. Carry another end from the chain to under of leading gear and keep it there. You ought to have enough slack to get 10-15 pearly whites on the device into the groves with the chain. Slowly discharge the derailleur once you’ve some teeth set up.

  • You may also work with a pencil, pen, or little stick to help the string onto the gears unless you want to employ your fingers.
how to tighten a bike chain without gears

Step-6:  Knob the bike toward the back slowly but surely for one total rotation together with your hand. Since you pedal, you’ll observe that one’s teeth you attached physically will guide all of that other chain back to place. Following the 1st rotation, pedal ahead for 2-3 extra rotations to make certain that the chain is certainly securely set up.

  • Make sure you’re pedaling the right direction. The trunk wheel will maneuver since you pedal forward, however, not backward.
how to tighten a bike chain without gears

How to tighten a bike chain with a derailleur

Step-1: Adjust bike derailleur

Adjusting derailleur is not a tough one. Turn over the bike upside onto a bicycle stand so the tire and derailleur are usually within your get to. Unless you have a cycle stand you’ll find a soft area that doesn’t scuff the saddle and handlebars.

how to tighten a bike chain with gears

Step-2: Track down the derailleur screw

On multi-gear bikes, behind the derailleur, there’s a screw. Of all bikes, you will discover the notice B, and then to it’ll be the screw. To improve the tension in the bike chain you will have to change this screw clockwise in the tightening motion.

loose bike chain symptoms

Step-3: Access and adjust the trunk tire

To get this done you will need to disconnect the brakes from cable, so elevate the brake lever and raise it so you get access to the rear wheel.

Step 4: Adjust the trunk tire

To amplify the tension on the string of any derailleur, slip the steering wheel axle toward the trunk dropouts making just small adjustments because you go along – you do not want the string to become also tight.

Intended for each modification lower the brake lever and examine when you have enough chain pressure. If not, raise the lever and continue steadily to make modifications until you’re pleased with the result.

Step 5: Place everything again together

Once you believe that you have sufficient chain tension you need to put everything back again together in the same way it had been and ensure that the derailleur screw is usually properly fixed and tight plenty of.

Be sure the tire is definitely spinning correctly and doesn’t are exposed to the bike shape or the string itself.

If that you aren’t pleased with the tension to do it again the process.

All this might seem boring, but after carrying it out a few times you will turn into a natural. Be sure to wear gloves to safeguard your hands and preserve a rag handy to clean away lube as you may work.

How to Tightening a Chain on a Multi-Gear Bike?

Step-1: Access the trunk Tire

To the right to use the rear tire, it is possible to either spot your bike on the stand, which will provide you with access to the trunk tire plus the derailleur, or turn the bike upside and allow it remain on its handlebars and saddles.

Step-2: Tighten the Derailleur Screw

On each multi-gear bicycle, there’s a small screen placed behind the derailleur. You can spot since it has notice B printed most suitable near it.

Now, if you are thinking to tighten up your chain, you need to turn the derailleur screw inside a clockwise motion.

Step-3: Access the trunk Wheel

Accessing the trunk wheel on the multi-gear bike is really a multi-step process. It’ll require;

  • Lifting the discharge lever to allow detachment through the correlating cable
  • Bringing up the quick-release lever, which will provide you with access to alter the trunk wheel
  • Adjusting the trunk Wheel

Once you’ve usage of the rear steering wheel and are wishing to improve the chain pressure, you will have to slide the steering wheel axle backward in the trunk dropouts.

Adjust consequently and make sure that you don’t overdo in order to avoid tightening the string too much. After you’re done, now you can check up on the chain to find out if you get the accurate tension. If not, it is possible to clean and replicate the entire method until you’re content with the tension.

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Step-4: Make sure everything is normal in position

Earlier than getting on your own two wheels, it’s important that you make sure that everything is constantly in place.

Here’s a set of things to consider;

  • Make certain the swift release lever is definitely down
  • Reattach the correlating cable
  • Make sure your tires are rotating in the approved manner
  • And how the frame or bicycle chain isn’t within the wheel’s way
  • Dual check up on the string tension
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How to take care of your Bike Chain?

Step-1: Look after your drive train to avoid string slippage. The drive train may be the transmission of one’s bike. It includes all the components that get the back wheel transferring: chain wedding rings (major gears close to your pedals), a cassette (assortment of gears on your own back steering wheel), a rear-end derailleur (metallic arm on the trunk wheel), along with the string itself. As grime, grit, and grime pull together on your own drive train, it wears down and will become susceptible to skips and slips. If you change a bike tire tube make sure that you fix it in place.

  • Common washing and maintenance of one’s drive train can truly add years in your bike’s working life expectancy.
  • You should turn the bicycle upside otherwise clamp it in the bike rack, to be able to focus on the drive coach.
bike chain cleaner solvent

Step-2: Make use of an old rag plus some bio degreaser to wash the string. Biodegreaser, occasionally known as a biodegradable solvent, is really a powerful cleaning soap that slices through grime but won’t mess up your chain. Just about all bike stores market it close to the string lube. Unless you have any, you should use isopropyl liquor. Pour a bit of a wet rag and clamp it gently over the string with one hand. Use the different palm to pedal the cycle, running the string during your rag for 2-3 cycles.

  • Proceed through 2-3 cycles placing strain on the top and bottom part of the string, then another very few putting strain on the sides.
  • Lightly scrub aside any areas of grease or dirt together with your rag in the event that you still notice them.
bike chain cleaner fluid

Step-3: Work with a bike brush or good old toothbrush to completely clean your gears. Exactly like human teeth, gears have to be flossed every once in a while. Dip your clean into the biodegradable solvent or isopropyl alcoholic beverages and operate it among each gear when you pedal with another hand. This takes away clumps of grease that may dislodge your string if they’re allowed to obtain too large.

  • Make use of a screwdriver to scrape off challenging to reach parts or precise, little places. A screwdriver is fantastic for eliminating any grime within the pulleys on the trunk derailleur
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Step-4: Wash aside any visible dirt in the derailleur and chainrings. If it seems dirty you then should remove it. Employ your moist rag, clean, and just a little degreaser to find yourself in as many nooks and crannies as it is possible to and obtain your bike gleaming clean. Allow bike do the task for you whenever you can, keeping the rag/clean set up while rotating the pedals. Widespread areas to spotlight include:

  • Equal sides with the idler pulley and jockey pulley tires, which will be the small cogs in the derailleur arm.
  • The rear side from the chainrings.
  • Bike structure, joints, and hinges close to the chain.
bike chain lube

Step-5: Buy a string cleaner for critically grimy chains. In case a rag including a toothbrush doesn’t lower it, you may need a chain cleaning instrument. These little bins clamp over your string. You include a degreaser and contain the tool set up while pedaling the bicycle backward and can automatically clean and scrub the string links for you personally.

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  • Finish Line Shop Quality Bicycle Chain Cleaner

They are just a very low price and sometimes include a degreaser and also a brush.

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  • Soft bristle soaping brush for general cleaning
  • Sponge/bristle combination brush for heavy duty scrubbing
  • Tapered bottle brush for detailed cleaning of tight areas
  • GSC-1 Gearclean brush features tough nylon bristles and curved toothed pick to clean grit and grime from gears and small components
how to clean bike chain

Step-6: Lube your bicycle chain after cleaning up it. Buy a bottle of chain lube that ought to both lubricate the chain and secure it from grime and dampness. After cleansing and drying out the chain together with your rag, slowly change the pedals. Apply an individual lower of lube to every 2-4 links, directly on the joints where one link meets one more. Subsequent to you have gone through the complete chain, shift during your gears, and implement another 10-12 droplets.

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  • Goes on wet and sets up with a dry 'wax-like' synthetic film that helps keep your chain clean by not absorbing excessive amounts grit, grime, or dust.
  • Thanks to the added Teflon fluoropolymer, Finish Line's Dry Lube minimizes pedaling friction, repels moisture, and withstands rides up to 100 miles.
  • Dry Lube is especially recommended for riding on or off-road in dry, dirty, dusty environments, yet it holds up well in moderately wet conditions.
  • An extremely versatile lubricant and a perfect choice for many road and off-road cyclist. Dry Lube can also be used on derailleurs, shifters, cables, and brake pivot points.
  • Reduces wear on sliding and rolling surfaces, and easily penetrates chain bushings, quickly coats derailleur, brake and shifter pivots.
  • Make use of a clean rag to clean up any unnecessary lube in the chain if you are done, as additional lube can take dirt and result in grime.
  • Your aim would be to get a lighting layer of lube on the complete chain.
  • Anytime you journey in the torrential rain, clean the string, or listen to squeaking, you need to apply lube.
  • Feel the string with your hands if it can feel dry you then need to employ more lube.
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How to Fix Frequent Bike Chain Problems?

Step-1: Become skilled at to transfer appropriately to help keep your chain set up on climbs. Improper moving puts pressure on your own drive train, as well as your chain can only just stretch up to now before it slips or probably breaks. Shifting steps the chain, and when you’re cranking within the pedals up a hill this may lead it to miss the pearly whites of another gear. Some strategies for safe shifting contain:

  • Switch before you can a go to the hill. Don’t hang on and soon you can hardly pedal to switch. In most cases of thumb, the feet should always proceed at exactly the same speed you retain shifting to create this possible.
  • Work with “soft stress” once you shift. Right as you may shift, ease through to your feet as though letting go from the gas. You do not want to quit pedaling; you merely want fewer pounds over the pedals. Focus on timing this together with your shift, next resuming typical pedaling.
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Step-2: Fix your constraint screws when the chain always comes out in exactly the same direction. That is frequent if, when moving to one of one’s “extreme gears” within the far section of either group of gears, the string keeps heading and slips down. Limit screws notify the derailleur to avoid relocating one direction, and when the limit is certainly too vast, the chain could keep moving once you shift despite the fact that there is absolutely no gear to get it. Both front and rear derailleur have very small limit screws tagged “H” and “L” for “High” and “Low” boundaries.

  • Transform the “H” screws clockwise to avoid the chain from moving too much to the proper, from the bike.
  • Change the “L” screws clockwise to avoid the string from moving too much left and into the wheel in the trunk or to preserve it from slipping between the seating tube and string ring in leading.
  • If you’re inside the furthest gear, you will notice the derailleur going as you alter the screws. Make certain it ranges up in the center of the gear.
degreaser for bike chain

Step-3: Put back exhausted chains or people that have shattered or bent links. With getting older, both stores and cassettes will wear out because of friction, this means the gear pearly whites cannot lock securely into invest the chain. To check on the chain, work with a ruler to evaluate a 12 in (30 cm) range between 24 pins within the string. The pins will be the small circles in the center of the links once you go through the chain from the medial side. In case the twelfth pin is certainly a lot more than 1/16 inches (0.16 cm) off of the 1 feet (0.30 m) draw, you will need a new string.

  • It’s easier to replace a string with bent or sticking links than make an effort to replace individual links. Replacing an individual link inside a chain indicates the links won’t have exactly the same amount of dress in, which could come to be dangerous. If you absolutely must substitute a link, be certain it’s the same manufacturer as your string and designed for a bicycle with exactly the same number of rates of speed.
  • If your string is included in rust or the hyperlinks have trouble shifting, it is advisable to purchase a fresh chain.
  • Chains generally degrade faster than cassettes and so are much cheaper to displace.
bike chain skips when pedaling hard

Step-4: Decide if you want a fresh cassette. Cassettes are usually harder to analyze than stores, but in the event that you feel like you require a different one, you most likely do. In case your chain is continually missing over gears, slipping off, or sliding while you pedal, you most likely need an innovative cassette. Get your cycle to the store when there is any distress for an individual appraisal.

  • After cleansing the cassette, go through the gears. Do some of them look even more visibly worn straight down than others? When there is disparity chances are a time to get yourself a new cassette.


How do you tighten a chain on a single-speed bike?

To change the tension, loosen one of those axle-nuts and proceed the wheel. Forward or backward slightly and cozy it up again. Then, loosen the alternative axle-nut, fix and twist, ensuring the wheel remains centered in the framework—re-check tension. A chain tensioner may get the process simpler. 

Do bike chains stretch?

Chain wear is generally called as chain elongate’, as the chain’s pitch develops in total since it wears. This is the most crucial type of chain wear. Also, the expansion comes out of that the bushings wearing with the chain pins: Overtime, the interior diameter of those bushings increases as well as even the groove of the pin outside.

How do you tighten a derailleur on a bike?

  • Set the limit screws. With the gear cable disconnected, gently pedal forwards until the string drops on the smallest sprocket.
  • Adjust the cable.
  • Fix the cable strain. 
  • Alter this up. 
  • B-tension screw thread.  

Why Does Bike Chains Become Loose Over Time?

Loosening with the chain isn’t a signal of improper bicycle and chain routine maintenance; it can eventually anybody and in a number of situations.

However, there are a few pretty common known reasons for chain loosening, plus they include;

  • Worn chain bands or cogs
  • Loose bottom level bracket and back bearing
  • Worm freewheel
  • Various other issues

How tight should a bike chain be?

It ought to be tight enough so it only lets you move it along about one inch

Why does my bike chain keeps falling off?

The nut products that positioning your rear end axle, they have a tendency to become loose frequently & the steering wheel can slide forwards, shortening the length in the middle of your pedals as well as your wheel. This will cause a loose string that is susceptible to falling off.

Does the chain impact its tension?

Yes if, you do not clean and lubricate the chain on a regular basis it will rust and wear away, and it’ll become slack more frequently. A chain makes it easier to ride your bike and keeps the chain for more.

Are there any easier methods of tightening a bike chain?

If you aren’t the DIY kind no doubt the practice of how to fix bike chain tension should appear time-consuming and complicated.

Regrettably, there are not any shortcuts. If the chain on your bike gets loose, while it is a fixie or some derailleur these are some steps that will fix the problem.

However, you do not need to do it on yourself. You are able to determine a bike store near you that may do maintenance. Not only will they wash and oil the chain, however they will assess the tension, and when it is slack, make the required adjustments.

What is better? To tighten the chain or replace it?

It is different; when the chain gets loose since it is old then it is time to substitute it. Replacement chains for bike models are cheap and will help prolong the life span of their bike.

However, if the chain is relatively fresh you should not purchase a new one.  Twist it and the bike ought to be helpful to ride more. 

Final Take

Fixing chain stress about the same or multi-speed bike is the best of passage for just about any bike owner. Bicycle chains come free as time passes on single-speed bikes. Nonetheless, it can also occur on the multi-speed bike. It is advisable to check the strain of your cycle chain prior to going out, specifically on an extended ride.

By following the above steps, you’ll effortlessly change the bike chain on your sole or multi-gear bike. It might take you just a little longer to perform the procedure on the initial try. Don’t be disheartened when you have to repeat some tips or return back, as you tightened the string an excessive amount of. By your next or third moment, you’ll be an expert on how to tighten a bike chain.

If you’re looking for the best convenience with fully-adjustable handlebars, broad seating spaces within a padded cushion alongside numerous features to get a smooth ride.

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Last update on 2020-11-18 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

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